Seniors require extra attentiveness to their health. As people grow older, their bodies decline, too. It makes them susceptible to various illnesses and conditions that were not present when they were still young.
Regular exercise, proper diet, and lifestyle changes are among the things that they can do to remain healthy. At the same time, they might need to take medications that could help them weather away existing problems and other possible illnesses that come out.
However, keep in mind that there are particular medications that seniors should be wary about. In fact, the elderly should veer away from these medicines as much as possible.
Here are some of them:
Effective pain relief is essential for those who are older or have a chronic pain condition. For many people, pain and chronic pain can cause significant problems such as physical function limitation, mood disturbance, increased mental health service utilization, poor self-reported quality of life, exercise limitations, and decreased ability to sleep. The most common prescription medications used to treat pain are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are the anti-inflammatories of choice for people with arthritis and other related conditions. But the drugs are a double-edged sword. As well as helping manage pain, they also have anti-platelet effects, which can lower the risk of blood clots forming in the veins. This is an essential consideration for people who are at risk of stroke or heart attack, for example. NSAIDs can also cause gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, which was a risk for a group of patients in Sweden who had surgery in 2009, and it’s also been linked to serious problems among people with certain other conditions, including cancer.
Digoxin is a medication that is used to prevent irregular heartbeat in people with heart disease or cardiac arrhythmias. It is a very safe medication, but it can also cause severe heart problems, called digoxin toxicity. As a result, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has guidelines in place for its prescription.
To validate the need for these guidelines, researchers reviewed the data on all deaths that occurred in the two years after the patients had been given digoxin. They found that of the more than 8,500 patients in the study, all of whom had been given digoxin, 9% died in the two years after the medication was given. The death rate was higher among women, patients 65 or older, and patients with heart conditions.
Glyburide And Chlorpropamide
Glyburide is a form of diabetes medication that is sometimes prescribed to treat diabetic complications and to help control blood sugar levels. Doctors have reported that long-term use of this medication may lead to serious side effects like kidney failure and nerve damage.
Chlorpropamide is a drug used in the treatment of high blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. It is available as a tablet for oral use, and it is also available as a liquid oral solution for administration by injection. Like other oral hypoglycemics, chlorpropamide works by lowering blood sugar levels. Specifically, it is used to treat adults with type 2 diabetes. But using this drug can seriously lower one’s blood sugar levels to an abnormal degree.
Muscle Relaxants Such As Cyclobenzaprine
Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle relaxant drug used to treat muscle spasms, is often prescribed to seniors for pain management. However, it is generally not a safe drug for seniors. Cyclobenzaprine has been linked to many adverse effects in older people, including dizziness, drowsiness, unsteadiness, confusion, muscle spasms, and even death. A recent study found that seniors are also more likely to have side effects when taking cyclobenzaprine than younger people.
One common medication prescribed to seniors is meperidine, which is also known as Demerol and Fentanyl. Meperidine-based medications are used to treat pain, but they also play a large role in the opioid epidemic. Opioid addiction is the number one reason for accidental overdose deaths in the United States, and meperidine is one of the most abused opioids, with many prescription opioids derived from it.
Antihistamines Like Benadryl
Common antihistamines, such as Benadryl, are often used to treat allergy symptoms and are also used to treat motion sickness. The most notable side effects of Benadryl are drowsiness and dry mouth. Benadryl can interact with many medications, including muscle relaxers, blood pressure drugs, heart drugs, seizure medications, and psychiatric drugs such as antidepressants.